(News-Europe Sojna Winkler) More than 70 countries voice support for China’s HK national security law at UNHRC. Countries that criticized or defended China’s security law for Hong Kong at the UN. Driving the news: China’s Foreign Ministry and state media declared victory after 70 countries backed Beijing’s new national security law for Hong Kong.
The 70 countries supporting China’s National Security Law for Hong Kong:
Supporting: China, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Belarus, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Congo (Brazzaville), Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somalia , South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, UAE, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Russia, Afghanistan, Cape Verde, Serbia, Armenia, Chad, Kyrgyzstan, Tanzania, Maldives, Ethiopia , Côte d’Ivoire, Madagascar, Indonesia, Vietnam, Algeria, Nigeria.
Russia’s representative said Russia firmly supports China in implementing the “one country, two systems” principle in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) and that Hong Kong affairs are entirely China’s internal affairs.
Laos’ representative said Laos welcomes China’s effort to safeguard national security through the establishment and improvement of the legal system and enforcement mechanism for the HKSAR. Representatives from Myanmar and Cambodia stated the legislative power for national security falls under the sovereignty of one country, and China’s national security law for Hong Kong is conducive to safeguarding national security and maintaining the “one country, two systems” principle. They hope the HKSAR can maintain peace, stability and prosperity without interference from foreign countries.
The representative from Afghanistan stressed that the law will not undermine the “one country, two systems” principle and the legitimate rights, freedoms and interests of Hong Kong residents. Cabo Verde’s representative said China’s national security law for the HKSAR comes under China’s sovereignty and it has nothing to do with human rights issues.
Burundi said it welcomes China’s efforts to promote and protect human rights and its contributions to the international human rights cause. The representative said the law will protect the human rights of Hong Kong residents, noting that both the HKSAR and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region are integral parts of China. Burundi urged relevant countries to immediately cease acts that are in violation of the Charter of the United Nations, which include using Hong Kong and Xinjiang affairs and human rights issues to interfere in China’s internal affairs.
North Korea, Venezuela and Cameroon said they resolutely opposed relevant countries use of Hong Kong and Xinjiang affairs to interfere in China’s internal affairs.
Serbia, Armenia and Chad expressed their adherence to the one-China principle, support for China’s efforts to safeguard its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and the “one country, two systems” principle.
Nepal and Kyrgyzstan also stressed that Hong Kong affairs are China’s internal affairs. Tanzania emphasized that both Hong Kong and Taiwan are integral parts of China and said it opposes the politicization of human rights issues.
The Maldives said that China is one of its important cooperative partners and the development of bilateral relations has always been based on the principle of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity. Under the “one country, two systems” principle, Hong Kong residents will enjoy stability, prosperity and freedom.
Ethiopia, Cote d’Ivoire and Madagascar said Hong Kong affairs were China’s internal affairs. They said the UNHRC should abide by the principles of objectivity, impartiality, constructiveness, non-politicization and non-selectivity, and it should refrain from politicizing human rights issues or adopting double standards.
Indonesia, Vietnam, Bahrain, Sudan, Algeria, Nigeria and Morocco said that all countries should abide by the basic norms governing international relations, including non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs, and said they oppose interference in other countries’ internal affairs using the excuse of human rights issues.
Former Italian Deputy Minister: Hong Kong is part of China, and regional security is also national security
By News-Europe Sojna F Winkler
Michele Geraci, former Italian Deputy Minister of Economic Development said in an interview about the introduction of the National Security Act involving Hong Kong. As a former government official, Geraci believes that this measure has far-reaching significance:
First, in his view, the world has entered a period of turmoil. National security, public health, and economic stability are issues that every country needs to pay great attention to. A strong government is needed to maintain social stability and the safety of the people. East Asian countries represented by China will have an advantage in the next period, while Western democratic systems will face pressure;
Second, for China, Hong Kong is a special and complicated historical issue. Because the return of Hong Kong is the process of returning from one sovereignty to another, and the implementation of two different political systems in a country is unprecedented. Various problems will certainly exist during this period.
Third, regional security is not only a problem of this region.Hong Kong is a part of China, and its security and stability is not just a problem only for Hong Kong.
As Michele Geracipointed out, for China, Hong Kong is a special and complex historical issue. Therefore, it is not surprising that the “National Security Law” involving Hong Kong has attracted the attention of all parties.
In fact, since 2019, Hong Kong has become one of the focuses of global attention because of various violent incidents that have seriously disrupted economic development and even endangered regional security. The “National Security Law” concerning Hong Kong was introduced in this context, and it is intended to maintain the stability of Hong Kong society and the national security of China. Because Hong Kong is a part of China, solving the Hong Kong issue is China’s internal affairs.
The list of Opponents :
China’s critics are concentrated in Europe and also like Australia, Canada and Japan, just 27 countries criticized the law. This is one of the clearest indications to date of which countries are challenging a rising superpower.
Opposing: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Belize, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Iceland, Ireland, Germany, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Marshall Islands, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palau, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and the U.K.
Note: The U.S. has been highly critical of China over the law, but withdrew from the Human Rights Council in 2018.
India didn’t join the U.K. statement, but did offer a statement” expressing concern”.